Understanding Skin Pigmentation

Skin pigmentation refers to the colour of your skin, determined by the amount of melanin produced by melanocytes. Various factors, such as genetics, sun exposure, hormonal changes, and skin injuries, can cause irregular pigmentation. Common pigmentation issues include:

  1. Hyperpigmentation:** Dark patches on the skin caused by an excess of melanin.
  2. Hypopigmentation:** Lighter patches due to a reduction in melanin.
  3. Melasma:** Brown or gray-brown patches, often triggered by hormonal changes.
  4. Age Spots:** Small, dark areas, commonly due to sun exposure.
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